India's sanitation situation

Some 130m households lack toilets. More than 72% of rural people relieve themselves behind bushes, in fields or by roadsides. Of the 1 billion people in the world who have no toilet, India accounts for nearly 626m.

30 million urban households depend on on-site wastewater collection systems. This is equivalent to 38 percent of urban households with septic tanks and about seven percent of households with pit latrines. Observations from at least 40 cities and towns in India indicate that these septic tanks or pits are usually not constructed as per standard designs nor are they desludged at the correct desludging interval. The desludging process and disposal practices are mostly not scientific, also people not being aware on the same.

Quick Facts India

Quick Facts India Compared

  • Containment
  • Emptying
  • Transport
  • Treatment
  • Reuse

13.9%

WC

Centralized System

(11.9%)

Deentralized System

(2%)



Leakage DEWATS

Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

Not Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

Not Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

5.2%
5.2%
0.1%

6.7%

Treated

36.18%

On-Site Facility

Centralized System

(11.9%)

Deentralized System

(2%)

Legally dumped(9.3%)
Illegally dumped(21.7%)

Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

Not Effectivlay Treated(5.2%)

50%

OD/Open Discharge

Start

Untreated

93.3%

49.9%               5.2%
      21.7%
12.7%   3.8%

Domestic Environment

Agriculture field

Receiving waters