What is FSM

Faecal Sludge Management is the answer to horrifying environment we are sinking into with the presence of unclean septage in the water, air and source of food.

FSM is the treatment of excreta collected in septic tanks, communal toilets and other household sewers, to produce environmentally safe 'treated septage'.

An efficient approach, Faecal Sludge Management is a combination of defined steps. The process starts with the collection of faeces from household and communal pits, which is transported by vaccum trucks to designated spaces where the faeces is treated using chemical and biological processes to produce contaminants-free faecal sludge, which is reused as fertilizers or disposed for later usage. FSM also addresses to the stages of planning and organizing of faecal sludge treatment, along with effective implementation of the process.

All components present in the Sanitation Value Chain are kept in focus while the FSM is undertaken. Faecal Sludge Management fits in well with the existing systems across various sectors – health, environment, financial, institutional and social. Above all, FSM aims to be self-sustainable.

Sanitation value chain

  • Capture
    • 50% of the population depends on open defecation
    • Urban India 10% of the population resorts to open defecation ,of which 40% of population live inslums
    • Terrible community toilets, people unwilling to use
    • Increased risk to environment and human lives
  • Storage
    • 35% toilets have on-site storage by 2020 the numbers are projected to be 70%
    • Standards not followed, poor construction, no lining
    • Sept age seeping into the ground, which is of primary concern to health and environment
    • No standard policy intervention on the same.
  • Transport
    • Unorganized sector, mostly private
    • No definite protocols or regulations on
    • operations management or safety
    • Very few entrants in the segment
    • No regulation for pricing
  • Treatment
    • There are very few operational STP’s
    • across the country
    • Very poor maintenance and operations protocol
    • Caters to only about 70% of the faecal sludge generated through the sewerage network.
    • Very few STP’s allow sludge dumping from onsite sanitation systems
    • there in operators dump into open fields and water bodies
  • Reuse

    Small fraction is used directly in fields Farmers fear health hazard, smells,

    • inconvenient
    • safety measures

What is Sanitation Value Chain (SVC)

Sanitation is more than just building toilets. To solve the sanitation issue successfully the sector requires a ‘chain approach’ involving multiple stakeholders, including government officials, consumers, and service providers succeed. As the name indicates, the value chain adds value to each component of the sanitation infrastructure: interface, collection, conveyance, treatment and reuse. This approach allows to create sustainable business models around each of the components which results in inclusive socio-economic uplift. It is paramount to look at human excreta as a potential resource for the agricultural and energy industry, rather than a problem. With this approach the realisation of real sustainable sanitation services is possible.


Unsafe Disposal

What is FSTP

Impact of FSM